Monocot Vs. Dicot, Difference In Leaf, Stem And Root
Flowering plants are divided into two groups - monocots and dicots. Recognizing the characteristics of these two groups will save you much time in distinguishing and knowing them.
The following text will tell you some differences, starting with morphological differences in the leaves, stems, and roots of monocots and dicots.
You can aslo observe the differences from micro perspective, that's prepared slides of Monocots and Dicots.
|Leaf||Monocot leaves have parallel or up and down veins.||Dicot leaves have veins that are scatter or “netted.” This means they do not follow a pattern.|
|Leaves are dorsiventral.||Leaves are isobilateral.|
|Monocots have stomata on both upper as well as on lower surface of their leaves and so-called as amphistomatous.||Dicots have stomata only on one surface of their leaves and so-called as epistomatous.|
|Root||Adventitious or fibrous roots - with many branches.||Radicle or tap roots - with long thick root.|
|Stem||Monocot stems have scattered vascular bundles. Vascular bundles are the veins of the plant, they carry nutrients and water up and down the stem.||Dicot stems are normally woody. Here we see a section of a tree, the rings of a tree contain the old veins called xylem(z-i-lum) and phloem (flo-um).|